Understanding Different Types of NBFCs in India

In simple terms, Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) are entities that provide certain bank-like financial services but do not hold a banking license. NBFCs play a vital role in the Indian financial system by providing credit and other financial services to a wide range of borrowers, including individuals, small businesses, and large enterprises. They also offer a variety of investment and insurance products to meet the needs of different customers.

NBFCs in India are regulated by the RBI to ensure their financial stability and sound functioning. These financial institutions are usually classified into different types based on the nature of their activities. Let’s have a look some of the most common types of NBFCs in India.

Asset Finance Companies (AFCs)

AFCs typically finance the purchase of vehicles, machinery, and equipment. They may also finance the construction of commercial properties. AFCs provide a variety of financial products and services, such as:

  • Leasing and hire-purchase financing
  • Loans for the purchase of assets
  • Working capital loans
  • Project finance

These types of NBFCs play a significant role in supporting the growth of businesses and the Indian economy. By providing financing for the acquisition of essential assets, AFCs help businesses expand their operations and create new jobs.

Loan Companies

Loan companies like Poonawalla Fincorp led by Abhay Bhutada and L&T Finance led by Dinanath Dubhashi offer a variety of loan products to individuals and businesses. These include personal loans, home loans, education loans, and business loans. They also play a crucial role in meeting the credit needs of borrowers who are unable to obtain loans from traditional banks. This includes borrowers with poor credit history, borrowers who are self-employed, and borrowers who live in rural areas.

Infrastructure Finance Companies (IFCs)

These are the types of NBFCs that provide financing for long-term infrastructure projects, such as roads, bridges, and power plants. IFCs typically raise funds through the issuance of bonds and other debt instruments. Such companies play a vital role in developing India’s infrastructure. In addition to providing financing for infrastructure projects, IFCs also help to improve the efficiency of the economy and promote economic growth.

Microfinance Institutions (MFIs)

MFIs provide small loans to low-income borrowers who are unable to access credit from traditional banks. These NBFCs typically operate in rural areas and serve borrowers who are engaged in small businesses or agriculture. MFIs play a significant role in promoting financial inclusion and poverty alleviation. By providing credit to low-income borrowers, MFIs help them to improve their livelihoods and escape poverty.


Whether you’re interested in financing a vehicle, investing in securities, or promoting financial inclusion, there is likely an NBFC that caters to your needs. The industry is continually evolving and Abhay Bhutada, Poonawalla Fincorp’s MD has also said that the finance sector in India is perpetually evolving in the way it performs business. It’s at a pivotal stage and is undergoing disruption and a digital transformation. With innovative financial solutions, such as peer-to-peer lending platforms, new dimensions are frequently getting added to the sector.

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